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Reversing Global Warming.
by Aaron Vallejo Sunday, Mar. 07, 2004 at 6:50 PM

China has already started.

Take down the coal towers and see the carbon and nitrogen as assets for huge organic farms.

China has already started in 2003

The proposal for reversing global warming is this link, while we transform into the solar hydrogen economy.

Peace and Opportunity.

add your comments

Would you like to build the solar hydrogen economy?
by Aaron Vallejo Tuesday, Mar. 16, 2004 at 5:33 PM

We need practical, profitable and safe alternatives for our culture. So let's talk about them.

The daily solar energy on the Earth is between 5,000 (McDonough 2003), 13,000 (Rifkin, 2003) and 20,000 (Neville, 1995) times more energy than humans presently use every day. So there is an abundance, the question is how to catch it.
The company is working with China, Ford, Nike, BASF, Dupont etc to make solar collectors that are highly efficient, totally safe and infinitely recyclable. Technical nutrient solar collectors.

Have any of you ever heard of a "technical nutrient". Products that are perpetual food for industry. This is part of the Cradle to Cradle design instead of the Cradle to Grave economic design we have right now and around the world.
So the picture will, hopefully, be that these technical nutrient solar collectors will collect energy for 20 year, their optimum lifespan and then come back to the city to be refurbished and send back out to get energy again.
Wind turbines will be technical nutrients too, along with cars, computers, printer, tvs, fridges, stereos etc.

The Chinese understand this and are designed their practices right now.

You want proof: There are audios explaining everything. under Cradle to Cradle under McDonough

We will solve the energy problem- the sun.

This is where we turn Hardin's Tragedy of the Commons into the Celebration of the Commons. We have solar income let's go catch it. On decentralized, massive, slow, quiet, technical nutrient wind turbines (blades length 90m). A cask crop that happened to be flying over head.

But in the mean time, may we begin, like the Chinese are doing, to take down our coal towers and make rich, black soil with the carbon and biological excrement instead of pumping it into the atmoshpere causing anthropogenic global warming.

Peace and Opportunity.

add your comments

A New Story: Reversing Global Warming
by Aaron Vallejo Thursday, Apr. 29, 2004 at 8:34 AM

Very exciting times:)

I walked the streets of Seattle and the streets of Quebec with thousands of other citizens. I talked with them, protested with them, laughed with them and threw canisters with them.

We can talk about the problems of our present system and it's unacceptable situation. We all may boycott and protest, which are very important. But what I feel is needed is a plan - we need a new story, a new vision, a new place we want to go and arrive at in the future.

If I may, may I spark your imaginations?

We see a world that is infinitely connected, where our cities are forests, cleaning the air and being homes for many species.

Our homes create excess energy through ecological design architecture made of local materials. This anticipatory design science uses the abundant solar energy when it is cost-effective. Therefore perhaps some day paying for part of our home taxes by selling hydrogen back to the grid. This energy is created all the time by the way our homes are designed. Meaning by its very existence it creates energy (assets) for our economy.

When cities are built like these centralized power plants of today will not be needed.
Our food is all organic and safe, grown in huge neighbourhood farms using our biological excrement to create rich, black healthy soil where families of young and old citizens work together among their crops.

Political and economic power is in the individual citizens hands because they have control over energy, food and locate materials.

Clean fresh water, clean air, healthy soil and safe materials replace cancer, garbage, toxins, pollution, pesticides, herbicides and nuclear waste because everything we make and use are designed from the start to be totally safe for soil and biology (biological nutrients) or totally safe and perpetually up-cycled as products for industry (technical nutrients). This is where the molecules are designed to come apart and go back together again forever, therefore eliminating the concept of waste.

When this happens nothing goes to the landfills or incinerators and we stop mining the Earth’s lithosphere because we have an abundance of healthy and clean, perpetually up-cyclable materials for our culture’s use.

The tops of our factories, building and homes are native grasses and native bushes creating habitat for the children of the natural world.

The pollution from the factories is extinct because we have designed out the mercury, the cancer, the bio-accumulative substances, sulphur dioxide, nutrius oxide, carbon dioxide and the chlorine because the filters of the future will be in our heads not on the ends of pipes – intellectual filters.

Instead the factories are in residential areas because they delightfully nourish biology. This is where our factories produce oxygen, clean water, organic food, and healthy soil and they are also favorite places for children to play.

The factories use the abundance of solar and wind and geothermal energies. The solar collectors and the wind turbines are perpetually up-cycled after their 20-30 year life of collecting energy. They then are redeployed after being refurbished in cities. Each farmer could get one turbine so they can stay on their farms and produce another cash crop: hydrogen. This hydrogen is then sold to factories and the auto industry.

The farmers will grow hundreds of different organic crops making livelihoods far more secure instead of insecure monocultures. This is where we ask nature what it wants to grow here, instead of telling it what we want.

Humanity instead of trying to reduce global warming like the Kyoto Agreement is trying to do; humanity begins to be engaged in reversing global warming.
People come and relax in front of these huge 600 foot slow, silent wind turbines because they soothe and relax people like they were at the beach or coast.

This is where sustainability like politics is local and war is unheard of.

This is where global business and local business act together for mutual benefit, meaning global business supplies up-cyclable electronics and nutrious vehicles etc in locally run factories while local and family businesses supplies organic food and local materials.
This is where the 20th century business strategy of only measuring the bottom line or economics is thrown out the window and replaced with the triple top line business strategy where it measures health and fecundity in ecology, social equity and economy. This way when all of these cornerstones are optimized the multiplier effect is unbelievable.

This is where the question of capitalism is also replaced from being “how much can I get for how little I give?” to “how much can I give for all that I get?” therefore this is where capitalism is replaced by eco-effectiveness.

This is where instead of nature being resources for humanity’s use, humanity becomes resources for nature’s use.

We celebrate the fact that we are all different and we respect and celebrate those differences. We grow different cultures and rituals while continuing to question and love everything.

William McDonough’s work, eco-effectiveness is a unified philosophy that - in practical and demonstrable ways - is changing the design of the world. (Time Magazine 1999)

Silent Spring (1962), The Ecology of Commerce (1994), Natural Capitalism (1999),
Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things (2002),
Biomimcry: Innoviation Inspired by Nature (1999),

Online Lectures: (Feb 2003) (Jan 2003)

Audio: under Cradle to Cradle under McDonough

Academic Journal on the Triple Top Line (2002):

I feel it is time to engage and wage full-scale peace. What do you feel?

Peace and Opportunity

add your comments

Russia may ratify Kyoto pact soon
by Kyodo News Friday, Jun. 25, 2004 at 3:43 PM

June 26, 2004

MOSCOW — Igor Ivanov, secretary of Russia's Security Council, suggested to Japanese Foreign Minister Yoriko Kawaguchi on Friday that Russia may soon ratify the 1997 Kyoto Protocol aimed at curbing global warming, Japanese officials said.

In their meeting at the Kremlin in Moscow, Ivanov was quoted as saying, "Preparations are proceeding in the direction that Japan wishes. I expect we can give a positive answer in the not too distant future."

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Wind Turbine Factories in Thunder Bay’s Future?
by Aaron Vallejo Wednesday, Aug. 04, 2004 at 2:03 PM

That is some great news, here is more for you all.

Appeared in Thunder Bay’s Chronicle Journal July 10th, 2004

Wind turbine global demand is exploding at 40 per cent a year. Yes, those huge, slow, quiet, elegant energy producers. In the states of Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, energy from wind is now cheaper than natural gas which is why Warren Buffet and his son are building a 310 megawatt wind farm in Iowa.

The city of Thunder Bay, Ontario on the north shore of Lake Superior is an ideal location for wind turbine manufacturing plants because it is in the middle of Canada and North America. Thunder Bay itself is an industrial city with the second largest inland port in the world. Both the port and city are essentially sleeping. It is time to wake both of them up. We can build wind turbine factories here, manufacture these gentle giants designed for disassembly and ship them everywhere.

Wind turbines enjoy the benefits of mass-production where the more we make the cheaper they become. In factories around the world only 3,000 wind turbines are manufactured, in contrast to the automobile industry, which makes 17 million vehicles a year. Imagine when we get to scale!

Would you like to build good long-term jobs and the clean, green economy of prosperity where we profitably fly passed Kyoto. Thunder Bay would you like to build these factories here, you have all the assets?

add your comments

Design for Disassembly
by Aaron Vallejo Friday, Oct. 22, 2004 at 9:11 AM

Published in Lakehead University’s campus newspaper The Argus on October 11, 2004

In the First Industrial Revolution businesspeople and engineers designed products to be cheap and look nice so that the masses could have access to them. However, what happens to these products (cars, computers, toys, clothes, etc) after we are finished with them? Well, they are sent to the landfills or incinerated. Then industry goes out to look for new resources to make more cheap and pretty products.
We all know that waste is strangling our system; just look at Toronto’s situation. Whether we are talking about solid waste, pollution, water or soil contamination or highly toxic nuclear waste; waste is strangling our system.
The official proposals for the waste management are reduce the waste, reuse the materials, recycle the products, refuse to buy them and regulate the toxins. However good-willed this strategy is, it does not address the inherent problem of our system: our system creates waste.
The Next Industrial Revolution is geared to eliminating the concept of waste. Yes, eliminate the very concept of waste by design. Where in nature do we find waste? Nature has no concept of waste; in nature waste equals food for another organism. Why not design our system do the same and cycle nutrients either for the natural world (biological nutrients) or for the world of human industry (technical nutrients)?
Imagine this: Factories in Thunder Bay manufacture wind turbines and ship them everywhere for deployment as clean energy producers. Then the molecules of these wind turbines come back to the factories after their 20 – 30 year lifespan. Yes, I mean design these wind turbines for disassembly so they constantly come back to the city.
What are the advantages? Well, firstly, if these machines were designed to come apart then industry would get new high quality resources for new wind turbines. Therefore we could stop the mining of the Earth for new material. Secondly, all the materials would be totally safe for children of all species because why would we want to circulate materials that were toxic? Thirdly, the workers in these Thunder Bay factories would have endless work because every time these turbines come back to the city their molecules need to be taken apart intelligently and effectively and then rebuilt into new technical nutrient wind turbines.
To date, industry has created technical nutrient carpets (Shaw, Honeywell, BASF), polyester (Victor Innovatex), window shades (MechoShade), and the 2002 treeless book Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things is itself the first technical nutrient designed for disassembly and infinite up-cycling.

Sustaining Development Community Centre

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The Nation of China has adopted Cradle to Cradle Design
by Aaron Vallejo Saturday, Oct. 30, 2004 at 4:28 PM

Published in Lakehead University’s Argus Student Newspaper October 25th, 2004

The nation of China has 1,300,000,000 citizens and is the fastest growing economy in the world. This summer steel prices rose significantly mainly because China bought up so much of the global steel production showing the economic power of the Chinese nation.
Now imagine if the Chinese economy industrialized using the same design as the United States and Europe with toxic garbage everywhere. In the epic documentary The Corporation Ray Anderson states “every life support system is in decline…there is not one published, peer reviewed paper published in the last 25 years that would contradict this scenario”.
The designers of Cradle to Cradle Design, William McDonough and Michael Braungart, presented to Chinese officials in 2002 showing that the circular industrial design powered by the sun is actually based very much on the ancient Chinese practice of precise nutrient flows for 4,000 years of permanent agriculture. The Chinese recognized this immediately.
Now through the China US Center for Sustainable Development the Chinese are converting their entire economy to work with nature. They are taking down the coal towers in Shanghai and Beijing to use the carbon in greenhouses ( (43: 55/ 58: 30)), they are rebuilding 5 cities, they are redesigning the building construction protocols to be green, they are setting up huge manufacturing facilities for wind turbines and solar panels and collectors.
Ford announced this summer that they are building a 3rd automotive plant in China. Since, Ford is very excited about Cradle to Cradle Design this factory will be a model of human industry working with nature.
“The authors, McDonough and Braungart, and China share the goal to make the book ‘Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things’ as widely accessible and affordable throughout China as possible”
The ship of human industry is turning.

Sustaining Development Community Centre

add your comments

The Model U and Ford’s Transformation
by Aaron Vallejo Monday, Nov. 29, 2004 at 2:10 PM

Published in Lakehead University’s Argus Student Newspaper November 15th, 2004

Imagine a vehicle powered by solar derived hydrogen, the tires are biological nutrients made of corn providing vitamin C and E to the natural world. The seats and interior are nutritious fabric and material. After a 5 year lease the vehicle and its molecules were intelligently and effectively taken apart and reassembled into new vehicles infinitely.
This vehicle is Ford’s Model U concept car, the first Cradle to Cradle vehicle. The designers call it the Model T of the 21st century.
Environmentalists will cheer because these vehicles create no carbon emissions therefore no global warming, they require no new metals because of closed loop cycles so mining is not required, they give nutrition to all surrounding life by giving positive emissions. The workers will cheer when these vehicles come back to the factory to be up – cycled creating constant employment. The business people will cheer because the vehicle constantly generates revenue every time a vehicle is leased, there are no regulation fees because there are no toxic emissions, there is no waste management because everything is valuable nutrients for the automotive industry. The entire process is powered by the solar hydrogen economy.
Ford began this transformation in 1999 and their largest factory in Dearborne, Michigan which I visited this past summer, now has the largest habitat roof in the world (12 acres), new wetlands, and a new young forest.
Globally, Ford has 67 square kilometres of roof space which will be replaced with habitat for local birds because the habitat roof in Dearborne saved the company $35 million.
Yes, Ford is still building gas-guzzling SUV’s but the transformation of working with nature on an industrial level has begun. Consider this: over 5000 companies supply Ford with materials. So if Ford changes they change.

Sustaining Development Community Centre

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I'm a fucking moron
by Aaron Vallejo - idiot bastard Thursday, Jan. 20, 2005 at 5:30 PM

I'm one of the most brain dead hippie bastards who ever existed, but I don't know that, of course. I'm too busy spamming the IMC's with my Art Bell nonsense.

Minnesota Town Hits 54 Below Zero

By The Associated Press

Temperatures plummeted across the eastern half of the nation Monday, approaching an all-time record in northern Minnesota and freezing the Gulf Coast as a river of Arctic air pushed southward.

Thermometers registered a low of 54 degrees below zero at Embarrass, Minn.

"You keep living, but it gets old after a while," said Christine Mackai, the town clerk for the community of 691 people in northeast Minnesota.

Minnesota's record is 60 below, set on Feb. 2, 1996, in Tower, about 10 miles north of Embarrass.

The cold at Embarrass didn't stop the regular customers from getting their morning coffee at Four Corners, a cafe and gas station.

"Everybody left their cars running," waitress Trish Roggenbuck said. "It was pretty much breathtaking when you walked outside."

While below-zero readings stayed in the upper Midwest, thermometers dropped below the freezing mark all the way to the Gulf of Mexico coast.

The morning low was 28, with wind chills in the upper teens, at Mobile, Ala., Gulfport-Biloxi, Miss., and Pensacola, Fla. A hard freeze warning was in effect overnight into Tuesday morning for parts of Mississippi, the weather service said.

Mackai said Embarrass had been prepared for bitter cold as early as last Thursday. "It only got down to 28 below, and that's nothing. That's no big deal," she said.

Elsewhere in northern Minnesota on Monday, Babbitt chilled to 51 below, and International Falls — which calls itself the Nation's Icebox — dropped to 44 below, the national Weather Service said. Farther south, Minneapolis-St. Paul bottomed out at a mere 11 below.

The arctic blast followed several days of subzero temperatures. Weather service meteorologist Greg Frosig in Duluth said Monday's high would still be below zero in northern Minnesota.


Fossil fuel curbs may speed global warming-scientists
13 Jan 2005 00:00:42 GMT

Source: Reuters

By Matt Falloon

LONDON, Jan 13 (Reuters) - Cutting down on fossil fuel pollution could accelerate global warming and help turn parts of Europe into desert by 2100, according to research to be aired on British television on Thursday. "Global Dimming", a BBC Horizon documentary, will describe research suggesting fossil fuel by-products like sulphur dioxide particles reflect the sun's rays, "dimming" temperatures and almost cancelling out the greenhouse effect.

The researchers say cutting down on the burning of coal and oil, one of the main goals of international environmental agreements, will drastically heat rather than cool climate.

"When the cooling affect goes away -- and it must do because particles like sulphur dioxide are damaging to humans -- global warming will be much stronger," climate change scientist Dr Peter Cox told Reuters on Wednesday.

Temperatures could increase in the worst case by up to 10 degrees by the end of the century, the researchers said -- much more than current estimates.

Scientists differ as to whether global warming is caused by man-made emissions of carbon dioxide and other "greenhouse" gases, by natural climate cycles or if it exists at all.

Take away fossil fuel by-products like sulphur dioxide without tackling greenhouse gas emissions, and the extra heat will speed warming, irreversibly melting ice sheets and rendering rain forests unsustainable within decades, Dr Cox said.

"The climate will warm more in the future but the ability of the land to store carbon dioxide will be compromised," he said, adding that warmer soil was less able to hold the greenhouse gas.

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Cradle to Cradle To Washington
by Aaron Vallejo Saturday, Jan. 29, 2005 at 4:33 PM

Cradle To Cradle To Washington
Andrew T. Gillies, 12.15.04, 6:00 AM ET

WASHINGTON, D.C. - Last month's U.S. election results elicited the predictable laments from the enviro crowd. "The re-election of President George W. Bush means that polluters will enjoy four more years of lax enforcement," moaned the Natural Resources Defense Council.

But the political winds don't seem to ruffle one prominent environmentalist: William McDonough, a 53-year-old architect and man dubbed a "hero for the planet" by Time magazine in 1999. "We don't focus on politics, because they come and go," McDonough said in a phone interview last week, adding, "Republicans are very attracted to what we do."

Indeed, last January, McDonough was back at the White House, where he had previously accepted an environmental award from President Bill Clinton, expounding his ideas on ecologically sustainable design to a meeting of government officials arranged by Bush's Office of Management and Budget. "We've met with many of the departments and agencies many times since," McDonough says.

The subject of those meetings is what McDonough calls "Eco-effectiveness" and "Cradle to Cradle Design." In short, it's an effort to refashion architecture and industry so that they emulate the ecosystems found in the natural world.

An example: A regular old building acts much like a machine, powered by a central furnace and releasing sewage and other waste out through pipes. By contrast, an eco-effective building mimics a tree, drawing power from solar energy and using plant systems to purify effluents into clean water. "Waste equals food," goes a Cradle to Cradle mantra, suggesting a world where everything industry churns out can either be composted, reused or recycled into something else.

Loopy? Maybe, but some very big businesses don't seem to think so. As reported by Forbes (see: "Fabric Softener"), McDonough and his two firms, William McDonough & Partners and MBDC, have worked on projects for clients such as BP (nyse: BP - news - people ), BASF (nyse: BF - news - people ), Ford Motor (nyse: F - news - people ), Nike (nyse: NKE - news - people ), and Visteon). Perhaps most famously, McDonough advised Ford on how to green its gigantic Rouge manufacturing facility in Dearborn, Mich.

And, as the meeting at the White House last January suggests, there's also plenty of appeal for government. Why? While McDonough is not reflexively anti-regulation, a key Cradle to Cradle tenet is that regulation itself is evidence of design failure. In other words, if you can build a factory that emits nothing harmful, there's no need for heavy regulation.

A good chunk of today's environmental law, McDonough argues, doesn't aim for this ideal. Instead, he says, it sets out to make something less bad--reducing pollution and so on--rather than encouraging a fundamental redesign to turn the bad thing into something good.

Again, that notion has a fairly dreamy ring to it, but McDonough is quick to fire off an illustration of how it can work. In September 2002, MBDC partnered with the Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Solid Waste to find ways to reduce the plastics and other undesirable layers of waste found in packaging of shipments from online retailers. They issued a design challenge in March of 2003 and by October of that year had a winner: a collaboration between Microsoft (nasdaq: MSFT - news - people ), the Allan Schluger Company and Shorewood Packaging, a unit of International Paper (nyse: IP - news - people ).

Their product, called the "Bevelope," can be adjusted to accommodate everything from DVD cases to thick software manuals and is made from recycled paperboard that can be recycled again or composted. Shorewood Packaging says big customers now using the Bevelope are Microsoft and Philip Morris, a unit of Altria Group (nyse: MO).

McDonough has also been working with the U.S. Air Force on assessing chemicals used at aircraft and missile factories. "It's an odd place for us to be working," McDonough acknowledges, "but the idea is that the whole world is cradle to cradle, so it involves everything."

Everything? Not a bad business proposition.

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End Goal of the Next Industrial Revolution
by Aaron Vallejo Wednesday, Feb. 16, 2005 at 5:45 PM

William McDonough, international architect, industrial designer, business leader and Hero of the Planet, was given a standing ovation by all departments of the United States government after he presented this end goal and the Cradle to Cradle Design strategy in the White House on January 21st 2004.

“We hope for a delightful, safe and healthy world
with clean water and renewably power,
economically, equitably, ecologically
and elegantly enjoyed”.

The central question of Cradle to Cradle Design is:

“How do we love all of the children of all species for all time?”

In Cradle to Cradle Design we are talking about conceptually sound and hugely profitable strategies that are socially equitable and environmentally intelligent that celebrates healthy closed-loop industrial production while we regenerate the biosphere.

The latest audio (31 minutes) of William McDonough, designer of Cradle to Cradle Design is with Canadian Massive Change radio on March 23rd, 2004 (half way down the page)
Along with many other brilliant thinkers like Janine Benyus, Wade Davis, Jeffery Sachs, Jaime Lerner, Gwynne Dyer and many more. Fabulous resources!

Now is the time to profitably and strategically build the renewably powered world together.
The decentralized, regenerative solar hydrogen economy

As of today February 16th, 2005 the Kyoto Protocol is now international law with 141 countries on board!

add your comments

Embarrass Minnesota 2005
by 54 below zero Sunday, Feb. 20, 2005 at 6:11 PM

Embarrass Minnesota ...
global_warming.jpg, image/jpeg, 700x287


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Vallejo - idiot hippie freak
by 54 below zero Thursday, Feb. 24, 2005 at 11:45 PM

The global warming scam
By Derek Kelly, PhD

Scam, noun: a swindle, a fraudulent arrangement.

A chronology of climate change
During most of the last billion years the Earth did not have permanent ice sheets. Nevertheless, at times large areas of the globe were covered with vast sheets of ice. Such times are known as glaciations. In the past 2 million to 3 million years, the temperature of the Earth has changed (warmed or cooled) at least 17 times, some say 33, with glaciations that last about 100,000 years interrupted by warm periods that last about 10,000 years.

The last glaciation began 70,000 years ago and ended about 10,000 years ago. The Earth was a lot colder than it is now; snow and ice had accumulated on a lot of the land, glaciers existed on large areas and the sea levels were lower.

15,000 years ago: The last glaciation reaches a peak, with continental glaciers that cover a lot of the sub-polar and polar areas of the land areas of Earth. In North America, all of New England and all of the Great Lakes area, most of Ohio, Indiana, Minnesota and the North Dakotas, lie under ice sheets hundreds of meters thick. More than 37 million cubic kilometers of ice was tied up in these global sheets of ice. The average temperature on the surface of the Earth is estimated to have been cooler by approximately 6 degrees Celsius than currently. The sea level was more than 90 meters lower than currently.

15,000 years ago to 6,000 years ago: Global warming begins. The sheets of ice melt, and sea levels rise. Some heat source causes approximately 37 million cubic kilometers of ice to melt in approximately 9,000 years. Around 9,500 years ago, the last of the Northern European sheets of ice leave Scandinavia. Around 7,500 years ago, the last of the American sheets of ice leave Canada. This warming is neither stable nor the same everywhere. There are periods when mountain glaciers advance, and periods when they withdraw. These climatic changes vary extensively from place to place, with some areas affected while others are not. The tendency of warming is global and obvious, but very uneven. The causes of this period of warming are unknown.

8,000 years ago to 4,000 years ago: About 6,000 years ago, temperatures on the surface of Earth are about 3 degrees warmer than currently. The Arctic Ocean is ice-free, and mountain glaciers have disappeared from the mountains of Norway and the Alps in Europe, and from the Rocky Mountains of the United States and Canada. The ocean of the world is some three meters higher than currently. A lot of the present desert of the Sahara has a more humid, savannah-like climate, with giraffes and savannah fauna species.

4,000 years ago to AD 900: Global cooling begins. The Arctic Ocean freezes over, mountain glaciers form once more in the Rocky Mountains, in Norway and in the Alps. The Black Sea freezes over several times, and ice forms on the Nile in Egypt. Northern Europe gets a lot wetter, and the marshes develop again in previously dry areas. The sea level drops to approximately its present level. The temperatures on the surface of the Earth are about 0.5-1 degree cooler than at present. The causes of this period of cooling are unknown.

AD 1000 to 1500: This period has quick, but uneven, warming of the climate of the Northern Hemisphere. The North Atlantic becomes ice-free and Norse exploration as far as North America takes place. The Norse colonies in Greenland even export crop surpluses to Scandinavia. Wine grapes grow in southern Britain. The temperatures are from 3-8 degrees warmer than currently. The period lasts only a brief 500 years. By the year 1500, it has vanished. The Earth experiences as much warming between the 11th and the 13th century as is now predicted by global-warming scientists for the next century. The causes of this period of warming are unknown.

1430 to 1880: This is a period of the fast but uneven cooling of Northern Hemisphere climates. Norwegian glaciers advance to their most distant extension in post-glacial times. The northern forests disappear, to be replaced with tundra. Severe winters characterize a lot of Europe and North America. The channels and rivers get colder, the snows get heavy, and the summers cool and short. The temperatures on the surface of the world are about 0.5-1.5 degrees cooler than present. In the United States, 1816 is known as the "year with no summer". Snow falls in New England in June. The widespread failure of crops and deaths due to hypothermia are common. The causes of this period of cooling are unknown.

1880 to 1940: A period of warming. The mountain glaciers recede and the ice in the Arctic Ocean begins to melt again. The causes of this period of warming are unknown.

1940 to 1977: Cooling period. The temperatures are cooler than currently. Mountain glaciers recede, and some begin to advance. The tabloids inform us of widespread catastrophes due to the "New Glaciation". The causes of this period of cooling are unknown.

1977 to present: Warming period. The summer of 2003 is said to be the warmest one since the Middle Ages. The tabloids notify us of widespread catastrophes due to "global warming". The causes of warming are discovered - humanity and its carbon-dioxide-generating fossil-fuel use and deforestation.

Anyone else find something fishy about the final sentence?

The above chronology of recent (geologically speaking) climate changes should place global-warming catastrophists (such as those who developed the Kyoto treaty) in an awkward position. Their fundamental assumption is that Earth's climate was stable and was doing just fine before the Industrial Revolution started interfering with climate's "natural" state. It is the Industrial Revolution, and in particular the use of fossil-fuel-burning machines, that has led us to the brink of environmental catastrophe due to global warming caused by increasing amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere.

But it is plain to see that both warming and cooling occurred numerous times before the Industrial Revolution. Similarly, all the dire predictions of global-warming consequences - sea-level rise, for example - have happened in the past. In fact, the greatest warming period was when dinosaurs walked the land (about 70 million to 130 million years ago). There was then five to 10 times as much CO2 in the atmosphere as there is today, and the average temperature was 4-11 degrees Celsius warmer. Those conditions should have been very helpful to life, since they permitted those immense creatures to find an abundance of food and they survived.

The Cretaceous was an intense "greenhouse world" with high surface temperatures. These high temperatures were due to the much higher level of CO2 in the atmosphere at the time - four to 10 times as much as is in our air today. The biota was a mixture of the exotic and familiar - luxuriant green forests of now-extinct trees flourished within the Arctic Circle and dinosaurs roamed. The global sea level was at its highest ever during this period, peaking during the Late Cretaceous around 86 million years ago. It is certain that the global sea level was well over 200 meters higher during this time than it is today. The Earth was immensely hotter, the CO2 vastly more plentiful, and the sea levels much higher than they are today.

The Earth has also been immensely colder, the CO2 much less plentiful, and the sea levels much lower than today. Fifteen thousand years ago, the sea level was at least 90 meters lower than it is today. The land looked bare because it was too cold for beech and oak trees to grow. There were a few fir trees here and there. No grass grew, however, just shrubs, bushes and moss grass. In the northern parts of North America, Europe and Asia there was still tundra. The animals were different from today too. Back then there were woolly mammoth, woolly rhinos, cave bears (the former three now extinct), bison, wolves, horses, and herds of reindeer like modern-day reindeer.

The major "sin" for the global warmists is CO2. The Kyoto treaty is meant to reduce the amount of this gas so as, they say, to reduce the degree of warming and eventually return us to some stable climate system. If we look at the historical situation, however, this is cause for alarm. For one thing, there has never been a stable climate system. For another, the level of CO2 in our atmosphere is near its historic low. In the long run, the greatest danger is too little rather than too much CO2. There has been a long-term reduction of CO2 throughout the 4.5-billion-year history of the Earth. If this tendency continues, eventually our planet may become as lifeless as Mars.

Glaciation has prevailed for 90% of the last several million years. Extreme cold. Biting cold. Cold too intense for bikinis and swimming trunks. No matter what scary scenarios global-warming enthusiasts dream up, they pale in comparison with the conditions another ice age would deliver. Look to our past climate. Fifteen thousand years ago, an ice sheet a kilometer and a half thick covered all of North America north of a line stretching from somewhere around Seattle to Cleveland and New York City.

Instead of reducing CO2, we should, perhaps, be increasing it. We should pay the smokestack industries hard dollars for every kilogram of soot they pump into the atmosphere. Instead of urging Chinese to stop using coal and turn instead to nuclear-generated electricity, we should beg them to continue using coal. Rather than bringing us to the edge of global-warming catastrophe, anthropogenic climate change may have spared us descent into what would be the most serious and far-reaching challenge facing humankind in the 21st century - dealing with a rapidly deteriorating climate that wants to plunge us into an ice age. Let's hope Antarctica and Greenland melt. Let's hope the sea levels rise. All life glorifies warmth. Only death prefers the icy fingers of endless winter.

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Changing the Design of the World
by Aaron Vallejo Thursday, Mar. 17, 2005 at 9:03 AM

Imagine a world of Abundance instead of limits and fear. Where everything we make flows in healthy cycles powered by the sun.

This audio of William McDonough is from the Monticello Dialogues. The Monticello Dialogues is 6 hours of dialogues with the leader of the Next Industrial Revolution.

Found through:

Instead of minimizing the negatives of less destructive design; we maximize the positives of healthy and regenerative design.

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Eternal Optimist
by Aaron Vallejo Friday, Apr. 08, 2005 at 9:44 AM

Architect William McDonough has witnessed China’s rapid modernization and sees hope for sustainable development.

McDonough is working to bring to cradle-to-cradle protocol to China, where old buildings are being demolished as quickly as new ones are constructed.

For the past several years China has been modernizing at a frightening, almost unfathomable pace. It is not an exaggeration to say that there is no precedent for it. As China has plunged headlong into the twenty-first century, American architecture and planning firms have followed, more than willing to assist government officials and newly “privatized” developers in the massive effort. China is still, for the time being, where the action is—and the scramble for work by Western firms resembles an architectural gold rush.

All this raises serious questions: What are the long-term consequences of this feverish activity? Can the Earth survive a gas-guzzling (Americanized) China? Is it already too late to develop ideas that would help China realize a more ecological future? Not surprisingly, architect William McDonough—a man whose solution to the SUV was a sustainable SUV—is cautiously optimistic on China. Like countless other American firms, William McDonough + Partners has an active presence there. Recently Metropolis executive editor Martin C. Pedersen talked to McDonough about his work in China, the future of sustainable development, and the gifts China might bestow on us.

What are you doing in China, and who’s the client?
We’re working with the China Housing Industry Association (CHIA) and a group of developers to create templates for cities based on the cradle-to-cradle protocol. What we do is examine sites—some of which are as big as 20 square kilometers—through a different set of lenses. We look at them, for example, as if we were a migrating bird: What would we want to see there in terms of evolution? We also look at it from the ground: What am I doing here? That’s one lens. Another lens would be hydrology. What if I’m groundwater, or a raindrop? So we work from the sky into the earth. We’re the master planners for seven sites. And the basic point is that if you look at the world through a new set of lenses, suddenly the ecosystem becomes your infrastructure.

Who hires you?
The government asks private developers if they would be interested in working with us. They give out the properties and work with CHIA, which is the consortium of private developers charged with building housing. It used to be central government planning, but it’s been turned over to regional authorities as well as developers because there’s so much to do. The Chinese are going to house 400 million people in the next 12 years. It’s the largest migration of humans in history. Essentially they’re rebuilding the housing stock of two Americas—in 12 years.

Is there any precedent for this pace of modernization?
Of course not, except for, say, rebuilding Chicago after the fire or Tokyo after the war.

You grew up in Hong Kong. When you returned to China in 1994, were you appalled at the environmental situation there?
I’ve never been appalled. When you see how much can happen so quickly, it’s very frightening; but at the same time, it is what it is. Our job is to work with reality, start on the ground, and then imagine what a future might look like. A number of years ago someone asked me, “Mr. McDonough, how long is this sustainability stuff going to take?” I said, “It’s going to take forever. That’s the point.” And it will take forever. Can I turn it around tomorrow? No. Nobody can. What I’m simply looking at is how we can chart a course.

These Chinese projects are huge. Where do you start?
We look at the existing situation. Everything in China is under way at a fierce rate, so it’s not a tabula rasa. Some of these projects have been master planned, and we haven’t reworked them yet. We adjust some existing plans as best we can. Others we do from scratch. What we’re looking at is developing planning templates that people can take and use for their own projects. We want to spread the word as fast as we can because this is a fierce commotion. CHIA did a mass-energy study on what would happen if all 400 million units were built with brick. They’d lose all their soil and burn all their coal. You’d have cities, but you wouldn’t have any food or energy. That’s how big this is. In fact, 174 jurisdictions have made brick illegal.

In addition to planning, your firm is also involved in the countryside.
Yes, we’re looking at how to upgrade rural housing so that we can maintain the historical farm villages. There’s a movement in China to move everyone into cities. We’re looking at how people can stay in the country and still afford to live there, where now there’s abject poverty. We want to design a house for $3,500, which represents ten years of income to a family. We’re working with BASF, the world’s largest chemical company, to develop a way of using toxin-free polystyrene foam. We’d put thin concrete skins on both sides. It’d be like big foam-core board, which we’d run on the outside of the house, like putting a big sleeping bag over it. It’s a one-time use of natural gas to make a building that’s superefficient and doesn’t need natural gas. That’s the strategy to replace brick on the large technological scale.

Can China modernize at this pace without causing long-term consequences for the planet?
This is the same as asking, Can we continue to operate the way we do without creating long-term consequences to the planet? We recognize now that no large-scale system that has deleterious effects can produce anything other than long-term tragedy. For me, we’re all dust, so the question becomes, What can we do—given the information we have—to celebrate the abundance of the planet? China offers unique opportunities as well as grave concerns. It will be the first country to do massive solarization, and that will be a gift to us because they’ll bring the price down. This has to happen because coal is the default resource for future energy use.

And that would be a doomsday scenario.
Yes, as far as I’m concerned, the discussion about coal and hydrogen is all talk. The real question is, When do we become solar? With China and India coming online, and us still trying to grow our fuel-fed economy, coal and solar are the only forms of energy available widely enough to meet soaring demand. Clearly we must create something that is cheaper than coal. Everything else is noise. It’s not a public-policy question, it’s an economic question. Don’t forget that solar energy is a form of nuclear power—nuclear fusion. It’s just that we have our reactor exactly where we need it: 93 million miles away. That’s one of the things I’m working on most vigorously in China. When I explained this to the White House, they said, “Oh no, the Chinese will get all the jobs again.” But for every job produced making a solar collector, there are four local jobs created. The Chinese will never be able to capture an American kilowatt. They can’t capture our photons; they’re inherently local. So there can be huge amounts of job creation implementing this stuff.

What has to happen in China for them to modernize in a way that’s consistent with helping the planet?
If we look at the history of production since the beginning of the industrial revolution—which followed 4,000 years of agriculture, which followed a million-plus years of evolution—we can see that the first instincts, the hard-wiring of the human species, are as hunter-gatherers. We’re opportunistic people. Then we see, with the dawn of agriculture, that we become nurturers, because we’ve become settled in place and need to understand nutrient flow. We have to keep refurbishing the soil every year in order to perpetuate ourselves, and our population grows.

In the first industrial revolution there’s a whole new range of opportunism that arrives with fossil fuels. We make ammonia to get the nitrogen out of the air. We mine phosphates, we develop a mineral-based supplement to agriculture. Suddenly, within three generations—even in China, where agriculture has been going on for 40 centuries—we adopt chemical agriculture. Why? Because we’re an opportunistic species. If we can take it, we’ll grab it.

And this supersedes our other better, impulses?
Clearly, the nurturing instinct is soft-wired. We’re hard-wired hunter-gatherers; we’re programmed nurturers. The next opportunity is to run that out. Einstein said, “No problem can be solved by the same consciousness that created it.” If we look at the consciousness involved in the first industrial revolution, it was “take fossil fuels and burn them,” with the only design principle being that if brute force doesn’t work, you’re not using enough of it. That’s pure opportunism, hunter-gathering.

That’s playing itself out in China. We’re getting a huge quantity of haves against a huge quantity of have-nots. Everybody on the planet understands that’s not a tenable long-term relationship. The next consciousness we need is to merge opportunism with the nurturing instinct of ecological and social systems. What we want is a social market economy that honors both. What’s been missing is ecology, which is the famous triad of sustainable development: economy, equity, ecology. That’s what we’re bringing to our work.

So instead of a planner just coming in and drawing a grid like they typically do—and forget the contours, because bulldozers take care of that, pipes take away the water—what’s sewage treatment but a liability that you try to deal with? We look at sewage treatment as an asset. We’re going to auction [the rights] off to the highest bidder. They’re fertilizer factories that make gas. Who wants it? Who will pay the most for it? It’s a nitrogen phosphate factory that produces the cooking fuel for the city.

So I think the optimistic view would be that we come up with a way to understand opportunism and connect it to nurturing, which creates profit for business but also restores ecological systems. The pessimistic view would be that we continue with the present system—lean production producing dangerous things.

From your experience, where do you think we are now?
We’re at the very beginning of the next run. What’s fun is, I was just in Tokyo for Fortune magazine last week, giving a talk to senior business people. The positioning was really interesting, because what we were talking about essentially was our strategy in adopting the principles of Deming. Do you know Deming?

W. Edwards Deming was an American statistician who went into the factories during World War II to study how woman were doing, while the men when off fighting. They out-produced the men. They had no failures, no lemons, no rejects. When he looked he found that they sat in circles, they talked to each other. They didn’t accept the idea of inspection because they didn’t want to make anything flawed, they didn’t have hierarchies, they didn’t have quotas…

They had a different culture…
They said, “We’re going to make a perfect thing, and that’s as many as we can make.” The men came back and threw Deming out, saying, “We just won the war, we have quotas, get out of here.” So he went to Japan. The highest industrial prize in Japan is the Deming prize.

I’m really interested in total quality. Now Toyota’s production system, for example, is lean manufacturing. They’re lean, very smart. They talk to each other all the time. But it’s lean production of technologies that we’re discovering to be dangerous. They’re degenerative from a planetary perspective. So we have lean technologies—lean tech making dirty tech. What we’re looking at for the future is clean-tech.

Which would be lean tech, by its very nature.
That would be clean production: Lean vs. clean. Instead of dirty tech, clean tech. The question is no longer, “How efficiently can I make this and sell it in the marketplace?” The question is, “Am I making something the right way?” Efficiency has no value, per se.

What if you’re a Nazi, right? An efficient Nazi is worse than an inefficient Nazi. So the questions is not, “Am I doing it the right way?” The first question is, “Am I doing the right thing? Then I’ll go about doing it the right way.”

If we keep doing lean production of dirty technology…well, that’s why cars are so scary. What if we did clean production of clean technology? That’s where we’re focusing in China. What are the massive, large-scale, clean technologies that the rest of the world needs that would serve in China as well? What would benefit everyone? Because if they could come up with the technologies that allow us to capture our photons, purify our water, these are inherently sustainable strategies. Sustainability, just like politics, is local. It can be only be measured locally.

If China could use its ability to mass-produce things at very low cost, then allow local communities to access their abundance of resources in healthy, delightful ways, that’s a gift that China can give the rest of us, and we’ll be very happy to outsource the production.

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Designing the Future
by Aaron Vallejo Tuesday, May. 24, 2005 at 7:54 AM

In a new interview series, NEWSWEEK talks to a leading ecological architect whose goal is nothing less than eliminating waste and pollution.

McDonough: 'Our job is to dream'

May 16 issue - Imagine buildings that generate more energy than they consume and factories whose waste water is clean enough to drink. William McDonough has accomplished these tasks and more. Architect, industrial designer and founder of McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry in Charlottesville, Va., he's not your traditional environmentalist. Others may expend their energy fighting for stricter environmental regulations and repeating the mantra "reduce, reuse, recycle." McDonough's vision for the future includes factories so safe they need no regulation, and novel, safe materials that can be totally reprocessed into new goods, so there's no reason to scale back consumption (or lose jobs). In short, he wants to overhaul the Industrial Revolution—which would sound crazy if he weren't working with Fortune 500 companies and the government of China to make it happen. The recipient of two U.S. presidential honors and the National Design Award, McDonough is the former dean of architecture at the University of Virginia and co-chair of the China-U.S. Center for Sustainable Development. He spoke in New York recently with NEWSWEEK's Anne Underwood.

UNDERWOOD: Why do we need a new industrial revolution?
MCDONOUGH: The Industrial Revolution as a whole was not designed. It took shape gradually as industrialists and engineers figured out how to make things. The result is that we put billions of pounds of toxic materials in the air, water and soil every year and generate gigantic amounts of waste. If our goal is to destroy the world—to produce global warming and toxicity and endocrine disruption—we're doing great. But if the goal isn't global warming, what is? I want to crank the wheel of industry in a different direction to produce a world of abundance and good design—a delightful, safe world that our children can play in.

You say that recycling, as it's currently practiced, is "downcycling."
What we call recycling is typically the product losing its quality. Paper gets mixed with other papers, re-chlorinated and contaminated with toxic inks. The fiber length gets shorter, allowing more particles to abrade into the air, where they get into your lungs and nasal passages, and cause irritation. And you end up with gray, fuzzy stuff that doesn't really work for you. That's downcycling.
[My mentor and colleague] Michael Braungart and I coined the term upcycling, meaning that the product could actually get better as it comes through the system. For example, some plastic bottles contain the resi-dues of heavy-metal catalysts. We can remove those residues as the bottles come back to be upcycled.

Not all products lend themselves to that.
Most manufacturers take resources out of the ground and convert them to products that are designed to be thrown away or incinerated within months. We call these "cradle to grave" product flows. Our answer to that is "cradle to cradle" design. Everything is reused—either returned to the soil as nontoxic "biological nutrients" that will biodegrade safely, or returned to industry as "technical nutrients" that can be infinitely recycled. Aluminum is a technical nutrient. It takes tremendous energy to make, but it's easy to recapture and reuse. Since 1880, the human species has made 660 million tons of it. We still know where 440 million tons are today.
Are there products already that meet cradle-to-cradle goals? If so, how do we find them?
Within the month, we will be branding cradle to cradle. Products that meet our criteria for biological and technical nutrients can be certified to use our logo. A note on the packaging will tell you how to recycle it. You'll know: this one goes into my tomato plot when I'm finished or this one goes back to industry forever. We have already approved a nylon, some polyester textiles, running tracks, window shades, chairs from Herman Miller and Steelcase, and carpets from Shaw, which is part of Berkshire Hathaway. The first was a Steelcase fabric that can go back to the soil. We're now working on electronics on a global scale.

How do paper products like magazines fit into this picture?
Why take something as exquisite as a tree and knock it down? Trees make oxygen, sequester carbon, distill water, build soils, convert solar energy to fuel, change colors with the seasons, create microclimates and provide habitat.
My book "Cradle to Cradle," which I wrote with Michael Braungart, is printed on pages made of plastic resins and inorganic fillers that are infinitely recyclable. They're too heavy, but we're working with companies now to develop lightweight plastic papers. We have safe, lightweight inks designed to float off the paper in a bath of 180 degrees—hotter than you would encounter under normal circumstances. We can recapture the inks and reuse them without adding chlorine and dioxins to the environment. And the pages are clean, smooth and white.

So we can keep our trees and have newspapers, too.
Most environmentalists feel guilty about how society behaves, so they say we should make longer-lasting products—for example, a car that lasts 25 years. That car will still use compound epoxies and toxic adhesives, but the ecological footprint is reduced because you've amortized it over a longer time. But what's the result? You lose jobs because people aren't buying as much, and you're using the wrong technology longer. I want five-year cars. Then you can always be getting the newest car—more solar-powered, cleaner, with the newest air bags and safety features. The old car gets upcycled into new cars, so there are still plenty of jobs. And you don't feel guilty about throwing the old one away. People want new technology. You're not typing on an Underwood, if you know what I mean.

What are you doing in China?
The China Housing Industry Association has the responsibility for building housing for 400 million people in the next 12 years. We're working with them to design seven new cities. We're identifying building materials of the future, such as a new polystyrene from BASF [with no noxious chemicals]. It can be used to build walls that are strong, lightweight and superinsulating. The building can be heated and cooled for next to nothing. And it's silent. If there are 13 people in the apartment upstairs, you won't hear them.
We've designed a luxurious new toilet. The bowl is like a lotus leaf—so smooth, axle grease slips right off. Nothing sticks to it, including bacteria. A light mist when you're done will be enough to flush it, so you won't use lots of water. We'll have bamboo wetlands nearby to purify the waste—and the bamboo, which grows a foot a day, can be harvested and used for wood.
The Chinese are afraid urbanization will reduce productive farmland, so we'll move farms onto rooftops. At least, that's what I'm proposing. The farmers can live downstairs. And when you look at the city from a distance, it will look like part of the landscape.

Is it practical to put farms on roofs?
Traditional roofs aren't practical. They degrade from thermal shock and ultraviolet radiation and have to be replaced in 20 years. For the Gap's corporate campus in San Bruno, Calif., we planted a "green roof" of ancient grasses. The roof now damps the sounds of jets from the San Francisco airport. It absorbs storm water, which is important because they have serious issues with storm water there. It makes oxygen, provides habitat, and it's beautiful. We also made a green roof for Ford Motor Co.'s River Rouge plant. It saved Ford millions of dollars in storm-water equipment.

How will you fuel the Chinese cities?
I want to see solar power cheaper than coal, but to get the speed and scale to do that fast, you need a place like China. We're not talking about dinky solar collectors on roofs. Think of square miles of marginal land covered with them. This could drop the cost of solar energy an order of magnitude. And for every job making solar panels, there are four jobs putting them in place and maintaining them. We could import these panels, and for every job the Chinese give themselves, we get four. What a gift. And I guarantee you, China will never be able to capture an American photon. We would have indigenous energy and energy security. And we wouldn't be throwing our money into holes in the ground.

And we wouldn't need nuclear energy.
I love nuclear energy. I just want to make sure it stays where God put it—93 million miles away, in the sun.

Your ideas are really catching on.
It's an amazing moment in history. We also have two huge new projects in England—working with the cities of Greenwich and Wembley. The developer, Adrian Wyatt, has asked us to conceive the meta-framework for the project.
We won't get everything right the first time. Change requires experimentation. But no problem can be solved by the same consciousness that created it.

Our job is to dream—and to make those dreams happen.

© 2005 Newsweek, Inc.

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by yawning man Tuesday, May. 24, 2005 at 8:45 PM

boogerboy_-_global_warming_is_real.jpg, image/jpeg, 400x381

ho hum....

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Designing Cities of Our Future
by SDCC Sunday, Jun. 05, 2005 at 6:23 PM

Sustaining cities of our future can be seen as organisms that are alive. Cites are the sources of products from industry (technical nutrients). They flow to the countryside and then back to the city to be refurbished providing constant employment. These products are the tractors, vehicles, windmills, solar panels etc. While the countryside is where the products of nature (biological nutrients) flow from the natural world to feed the cities and then return to the countryside to rebuild or recarbonize the soils. These two giant flows of healthy material circulate providing perpetual food for industry and nature while all the children grow up healthy surrounded by rich culture and a healthy and diverse natural world.

This is a 2:24 minute video of Mr. McDonough describing cities of our future. There are now 17 new template Cradle to Cradle cities in China. Mr. McDonough is also helping Chicago to be the greenest city in the United States.


Sustaining Development Community Centre

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Building a World of Abundance
by SDCC Thursday, Jun. 30, 2005 at 5:10 PM

In January 2005, William McDonough spoke to the Instituto de Empressa Spanish business school at which he is chair of the Centre for Eco Intelligent Management. He spoke of measuring legacies rather than activities for future generations and of the massive undertakings he and his associates are involved with around the world.

McDonough’s team is working with over a trillion dollars in global commerce and with the nation of China. The Chinese have adopted Cradle to Cradle Design as national industrial policy and will be building new housing, based on this circular design, for 400 million people over the next 12 years!

In November 2004 the President of China stated in front of world leaders:

“We should put in place a conservation orientation management system throughout the process of exploitation, processing, distribution and consumption of resources with the view of building a resource effective national economy and resource effective society. A well protected ecosystem underpins the growing productive forces and betters the lives of the people. We should optimize the economic structure and advocate an environment friendly way of production, life and consumption and bring about a virtuous cycle in both our ecological and socio-economic systems.”

Click here and listen to the 33:54minute presentation:

The strategy of tragedy has now been replaced with a strategy of change. The human culture now has an end goal:

“We hope for a delightfully diverse, safe, healthy and just world with clean air, clean water, clean soil and clean power, economically, equitably, ecologically and elegantly enjoyed”.

Sustaining Development Community Centre

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Total Quality and Global Quality is the Future of Design
by SDCC Friday, Sep. 02, 2005 at 3:01 AM

An Environmental Problem Slipping Through the Quacks
By Linda Hales Washington Post Staff Writer
Saturday, August 27, 2005; Page C01

Environmental architect William McDonough made a powerful case for a "new industrial revolution" when he planted a living roof in 2002 atop Ford's sprawling, grime-choked River Rouge truck plant in Dearborn, Mich. The feat of green design is said to have saved the beleaguered carmaker $35 million in environmental cleanup costs. Birds now lay eggs in the flourishing 10-acre blanket of sedum, which cleans runoff naturally.

On Wednesday, the visionary from Charlottesville made an even stronger argument for change with a little yellow rubber ducky.

In a speech to the Industrial Designers Society of America, which is meeting at the Marriott Wardman Park through Saturday, McDonough noted that in California, the $2.99 bath toy comes with a warning. Toxic chemicals in that sweet, squishy body have been known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.

"What kind of society would make something like this to put in the mouths of children?" McDonough demanded. "Design is the first signal of human intention. What is your intention?"

No designer rose to defend the duck.

McDonough moved on to the usual suspects: belching smokestacks, chemical fumes in carpets, hazardous high-tech garbage. IQs are declining in industrial Ohio. A graveyard of plastics is growing in the Pacific Ocean. Acidification is turning coral, the bottom of the food chain, to jelly.

"Our current society has a strategy of tragedy," he said. "These are the things that are happening because we have no other plan."

McDonough has been practicing, writing and preaching ecologically sensitive, socially just design for more than 20 years. Style is one thing, but in terms of transforming the planet, no designer is more important to watch now.

He argues that a "diverse, safe, healthy and just world with clean air, water, soil and power" is attainable by redesigning the way we make things, without waste and in harmony with nature. PepsiCo, Shaw Industries, Steelcase, BASF and Nike have signed on. But change comes in fits and starts.

On the other side of the wall, the year's neat new products and prototypes were arrayed in an exhibition hall. An Erik Buell motorcycle and Gerber's new plastic snack-and-sippy cup drew admiring glances. On the edge of the bazaar, companies that supply designers with polymers and other synthetic materials were marketing their wares.

"Benzene coming off gaskets," McDonough warned as he passed through. A clear danger of phthalates, the chemicals used to soften plastics, which have just been banned in toys in Europe. McDonough's 10-year-old son, Drew, was briefly mesmerized by a display of hot pink, green and orange plastic guitars.

How much time before we self-destruct?

"Twenty years," McDonough guessed. "We have 20 years to figure this out. We have to work quickly, we have to work systematically, we have to integrate this into everything we do."
McDonough, who is designing American University's School of International Service, was just past 30 when he kick-started the green architecture movement. Born in Japan in 1951, and raised partly in Hong Kong, he earned degrees at Dartmouth and Yale before opening a studio in New York. He designed a solar-heated house in Ireland. A 1984 commission from the Environmental Defense Fund led to a landmark eco-friendly office.

In 1994 he moved the firm, William McDonough + Partners, to Charlottesville to become dean of architecture at the University of Virginia. By the time he relinquished the post in 1999, the firm had won awards for a daylight-filled factory for the Herman Miller furniture company in Holland, Mich., and a campus for Gap in San Bruno, Calif. President Clinton gave him the only White House award so far for sustainable design.

On campus, McDonough was known as the "Green Dean," who promoted "zero pollution and total recycling." That philosophy defines the work of MBDC, the product design firm he formed in 1995 with German chemist and Green Party figure Michael Braungart. After producing clean carpeting for Warren Buffett's Shaw Industries, they published their ideas in "Cradle to Cradle" in 2002. The book has made McDonough a welcome visitor in enlightened executive suites.
Tenets of the eco-design revolution include waste equals food; effectiveness is better than efficiency; and being less bad is not good enough. Biological materials can be recycled back into the earth. Hard goods ought to be designed for dismantling and reuse. Regeneration is "the infinite game." Regulation is a failure of design.

It would be easy to close the book's synthetic cover -- no trees were destroyed -- and dismiss the dream, except that the Chinese have adopted the concepts wholeheartedly. The government plans to provide new housing for 400 million people in 12 years, McDonough says, and has published "Cradle to Cradle" as government policy. (There, the title translates into "virtuous circle.") McDonough has been hired to develop entire cities as model eco-urban environments -- without sprawl, congestion, pollution, waste or reliance on fossil fuels.

One plan shows a compact urban zone with solar-powered buildings layered with commerce and housing. Rooftops support solar panels or agriculture. Aerial bridges would allow farmers to travel from field to field six stories off the ground.

McDonough does not worry that the Chinese may beat the West to clean, efficient, affordable modernization in the 21st century.

"It's not something to be panicked about, it's something to go after," he says. "Let's go after global quality."

That pro-growth, capitalist optimism has made McDonough palatable to business. The pressure he puts on designers is relentless. Shaun Jackson, the IDSA conference chairman, expected the audience to be "inspired but uncomfortable." They design the cars, computers, skateboards, diapers and rubber duckies, not to mention the packagings, that are piling up in landfills.
"You may be making a beautiful car, but it's causing global warming," McDonough said. "What have you done?"

After his speech, a General Motors executive was waiting to shake McDonough's hand. Douglas Soller, a senior research designer for S.C. Johnson & Son Inc., maker of Ziploc, Windex and Drano, said, "He struck a nerve loud and deep."

The MBDC consultancy is about to raise the bar. Next month, it will begin to certify products for "eco-effectiveness." A Web site is imminent. One day soon, consumers will be able to shop by the cradle-to-cradle label.

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In Cradle to Cradle Design there is no overpopulation
by SDCC Monday, Sep. 19, 2005 at 2:19 AM

Dr. Michael Braungart here in this 5:10 minute video explains Cradle to Cradle Design.

Human population is not a problem for the world if humans cycle nutrients and use the abundance of the sun. The astonishing reality, that he points out, is that ants weigh about 5 times more than humans. But rather than destroying the world ants build healthy soil because they circulate nutrients. They support biological systems.

Humanity can support biological systems too. Humanity can celebrate 10 billion or more people on the planet if we circulate nutrients like other biological systems. This means we will eliminate the concept of waste and conceive, design and manufacture all products to enter closed cycles: biological nutrients for the biological cycle or metabolism and technical nutrients for the technical cycle or metabolism.

Humanity requires a whole new generation of teachers and designers to make inherently healthy and safe chemistry and clean, abundant, closed loop industrial manufacturing where our systems love all of the children of all species for all time.

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Building in Green
by SDCC Monday, Sep. 26, 2005 at 11:14 PM

Sept. 26 - Oct. 3, 2005 issue
Can China move 400 million people to its cities without wreaking environmental havoc? Eco-urban designer William McDonough says yes—and Beijing is listening.

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Bullish on the Big Easy
by SDCC Friday, Oct. 07, 2005 at 1:01 AM

Oct 3 issue
Of course we'll rebuild New Orleans. But doing it right will take both art and science.

Whatever the guiding principle turns out to be, the country's top minds agree that a strong, coherent reconstruction plan at the outset is essential to the city's rebirth. But just how creative are we willing to get in our planning? Bill McDonough, one of the nation's most prominent architects and a world-recognized expert in environmentally sustainable design, has been doing a lot of thinking about the city's reconstruction, which he calls "Jeffersonian" in scope. The cleanup and environmental issues alone, he points out, will be immense. McDonough has some surprising solutions in mind. "All the areas that are dead should be allowed to die," he says. "We don't want to bring children back to where it's dangerous. We can use a process called phytoremediation, which uses plants like mustard or indigenous species to decontaminate instead of burying soil and burning."
Indeed, McDonough sees an opportunity for New Orleans to serve as kind of testing ground for the potential of environmentally sound planning. "We need to turn hard to soft and gray to green," he says. "That means as often as possible we need to mandate that paving be porous and make parking lots like giant sponges that slow runoff. And what we don't need paved—and you'd be amazed at how much doesn't need to be paved—we need to turn back to earth." As for planning and housing, McDonough says the city should turn low-lying areas into lakes and create habitats for ducks that would be a "celebration of species" as well as great hunting grounds. At the same time, he says, "We could build and inhabit mounds—create high ground.",15704,1105679-2,00.html

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Manufacturers Embrace 'C2C' Design
by SDCC Saturday, Oct. 15, 2005 at 2:34 AM

Beyond Recycling:
Manufacturers Embrace 'C2C' Design
March 3, 2005

With its slightly curved back and adjustable armrests, Steelcase Inc.'s "Think" chair doesn't look particularly radical, but it embodies a lot of forward thinking by the nation's biggest office furniture maker. The $900 chair can be disassembled with basic hand tools in about five minutes and most of its parts are recyclable.

The "Think" chair is Steelcase's first product to meet a design ideal being embraced by a growing number of furniture, carpeting and other manufacturing companies: using parts that can be recycled several times, and manufactured in ways least harmful to the environment. The goal is to abandon the cradle-to-grave path of man-made products that end up in garbage dumps and instead make them C2C, or "cradle to cradle."

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Hydrogen from water using solar driven wind in Colorado
by SDCC Thursday, Oct. 20, 2005 at 1:41 AM

Article Launched: 10/18/2005 01:00:00 AM business
Wind energy gets even greener
A pilot program uses wind to create hydrogen fuel, creating a "battery" to store currently unused power. By Steve Raabe Denver Post Staff Writer

Two big players in Colorado energy are searching for a way to store the energy generated by wind farms. In a pilot program, Xcel Energy and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory plan to use wind power to create hydrogen fuel. The idea is to increase the efficiency of wind generation by using it during off-peak hours to produce hydrogen. The hydrogen would be stored, then used later to produce electricity during periods of peak demand. "In effect, hydrogen becomes the battery to store wind power," said Ben Kroposki, a senior engineer at the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden. Ultimately, the technology might be employed at every wind farm in the nation, officials said.

The pilot program in Colorado will be one of the nation’s first attempts to use off-peak wind generation to produce hydrogen fuel. That fuel can be stored for use during peak electric demand. It works like this: Power is generated from wind turbines during off-peak hours primarily during the night, when demand for electricity is low. The electricity powers an electrolyzer, a device that extracts hydrogen from water. The hydrogen is captured in storage tanks. The hydrogen is used as fuel in an internal-combustion engine, running a generator to make electricity during peak daytime periods.

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Solving the energy problem: Our SUN
by SDCC Sunday, Oct. 30, 2005 at 11:30 PM

The Earth has an abundance of energy; our challenge is to connect our infrastructure to it. The sun provides our Earth with about 5,000 times more energy than we need to power human systems.

Wind, one form of solar energy, is now going commercial because in many place it is cheaper than burning fossil fuels (11:28/33:53 min). Just last week 200 business people attended a wind workshop in Manhattan. In 2004 Dr. Archer published her paper concluding that we have at least 35 times more wind energy available than our human system presently uses. With the economies of scale through mass production the price of wind energy will continue to plummet.

Direct solar energy is catching up to fossil fuels within a very short amount of time. We can actually precisely calculate when that time comes. With China going solar on a massive scale this will help the rest of us by quickly lowering the cost.

“We will solve the energy problem by working with current solar income” (17:18/33:53 min)

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Nuclear is Bad Quality and Bad Design
by SDCC Wednesday, Nov. 09, 2005 at 11:41 PM

To use the reality of anthropogenic global warming as an argument to pursue nuclear energy is one of the great farces of modern linear, short-term thinking. Nuclear waste will force thousands of generations to maintain constant vigilance while living in fear of leakage or spillage.

From a quality perspective this is bad quality because you not making healthy and safe products you are making something inherently highly toxic this is irreversible and irresponsible.

From a business perspective why would you make something no one would buy? Businesses should make things that either go safely back to industry forever or safely back to the natural world forever not unmarketable products. Also the idea of a free market is an illusion if massive subsidies remain tragically in place. We are not against the idea of using an economic argument as a primary one for action.

From a design perspective do you really intend to generate toxic nuclear waste? If we understand the inherent flaws of our designs then we can not say that we did not intend for them to happen. At this point in history it looks like the making of poison is intentional.

For the engineers, business people, politicians going to work everyday and making these decisions does nuclear energy love all of the children of all species for all time? Nuclear is bad quality and just bad design. The absurdity and idiocy is that this is not a trade off that we need to make!

Our future is to connect our system to the abundance of natural energy flows and celebrate our astonishingly brilliant friend every glorious morning.

The Monticello Dialogues

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Peak Oil and the End of Cheap Oil
by SDCC Saturday, Nov. 26, 2005 at 4:49 AM

Quoting the 2005 CBC video:

“Peak Oil is a theory that goes something like. The global production of oil will hit its peak and then start to decline. It doesn’t mean that the world will run out of oil. What is means is that the world will run out of CHEAP OIL. The idea has been around since the mid 50’s. Back then a Shell oil geologist named Marion King Hubbert predicted that the US oil production could hit its peak in the early 1970’s. Well, remember that oil shock back in the 70’s. It’s nothing compared to what the supporters of the Peak Oil concept think we’re in for once the decline starts. Economic collapse, geopolitical conflict and the end of your lifestyle as you know it! Here’s why.

The US (5% of human population) consumes about a quarter of the world oil production. It’s used for everything from transporting food to making DVD’s. But demand in China and India is increasing. I mean they do account for one third of the world’s population! So if China’s consumption rate holds then by about 2030 it’ll guzzle as much oil as the US does today. Factor in the rest of planet and their growth and their needs and what you’ve got is an increasing demand and shrinking supply of an infinite resource.

OPEC is the source of about 40% of the world’s oil and while it doesn’t set the price it does determine how much gets produced and that more or less determines the cost. And the price per barrel is getting higher. The record so far about 58 bucks US. Both the IMF and CIBC have warned of $100 barrels. One of the leading energy analysts (Matthew Simmons) says that could happen within the next three years. As for a date when we could hit Peak Oil? Well, that’s hotly debated and hard to determine but depending on who you talk to it could happen sometime between next year and 2020”. (1:57 minute video)

Suggestion: Leave behind all the SUVs and buy hybrids as we build the clean, circular, solar hydrogen economy as quickly as possible. Then you may have your SUV or rather the Model U back. In this strategy we use energy eco-efficiently while we transition towards the eco-effective cradle-to-cradle global economy of abundance. (7:59 minute audio)

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Global Warming as Excuse for Nuclear Power
by Annie Get Your Gang Monday, Nov. 28, 2005 at 11:14 PM

Re comments on global warming as excuse for resurgence of nuclear power:

It's real. Yes, very much so. IT'S ALIVE! The price of uranium has risen from $7 to $31 per pound this year.

One way to resist:

Support the Diné (Navajo) tribal ban on uranium miining, the first attempt by a tribal government to assert this kind of real sovereignty.

If you want to hear the Navajo Tribal Chief's Information Officer, George Hardeen, on this, browse for KPFA Free Speech Radio, click "Browse the Archives," then click "Bay Native Circle," November 9th, for the audio archive.

As to supporting them:

They're asking very little of us now, just a few letters to encourage the Navajo Tribal Chief and Tribal Council, who are digging in their heels, expecting the pressure from uranium mining corporations, and the Bush Corporation, to get worse.

I don't know these very quiet, private---and occupied---people at all well. However, I gather that, for now, they to know that we at least know they're there, many of them dying of cancer from 50 years of uranium mining, but still resisting. They'd also like letters to their Govenor, Bill Richardson, Hillary's main competitor for the Democratic presidental nomination, should anyone care about that. (I don't.) See the home page of the Southwest Information and Resource Center in Albuquerque for details.

People also might want to put next year's Nuclear Free Future Awards on the Navajo Reservation on their calendars. They were held in Oslo this year, on September 24th, and hosted by the Nobel Institute, a week before the feckless Nobel Committee gave the Peace Prize to Mohammed El-Baradei and the IAEA.

They'll be held on the Navajo Reservation next year to support the tribal ban on uranium mining. Since they were held on September 24th this year, I imagine they'll be around the same time next ear. Sorry I can't give an exact date, but I know it'll be around that time.

I'm drafting a letter that Malik Rahim of the Common Ground Collective wants to rewrite in his own words, to the Navajo Tribal Chief and Tribal Council. He doesn't think nuclear power is a solution to the global warming blamed for the hurricanes that hammered the Gulf States.

And I don't think he's got time to waste on the 15-page argument to that effect, which I just received from the German Foundation for Future Generations that created the Nuclear-Free Future Awards.

Angela Davis, Howard Zinn, Kirkpatrick Sale, and Arlo Guthrie are on this German Foundation's Board of Directors.

If the STRATCOM commander in Offut, Nebraska, doesn't push all the buttons before then, a convergence for this event on the Navajo Res could be a good time. There won't be any fences to jump or any police to beat anybody up; just a celebration that would make more people aware of the tribal ban on uranium mining, which is hard to argue with once you understand its consequences. The Diné-(Navajo) turned down $30 million that the Bush Corporation offered them not to resist.

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Cradle to Cradle Certification Launched Globally
by SDCC Friday, Dec. 02, 2005 at 9:09 PM

MBDC Announces First-Ever Cradle to Cradle™ Environmental Certification for Six Industry Products

Charlottesville, VA (October 12, 2005) – McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry (MBDC) today announced six products as the first to qualify for Cradle to Cradle™ certification. MBDC's new program evaluates and certifies the quality of products based on Cradle to Cradle™ Design principles by measuring their positive effects upon the environment, human health and social equity. "We are delighted to announce that six international firms have products which are the first to be awarded the Cradle to Cradle™ certification” said MBDC Chief Executive Officer Kenneth Alston. Named today as the first products to qualify under the rigorous evaluation system, are:

Athletic Polymer Systems, Inc. Tartan® Track
Haworth, Inc. Zody™ Chair
Hycrete Technologies, LLC Hycrete® Concrete Additive
Pendleton® Woolen Mills Classic Wool Flannel
Steelcase, Inc. Think™ Chair
Victor Innovatex, Inc. Eco Intelligent Polyester®

“All have met stringent environmental and human health standards in product design achievement," said William McDonough, the internationally recognized environmental architect and designer who, with Dr. Michael Braungart, co-founded MBDC and developed the Cradle to Cradle™ Design approach. These are the first of many firms who have engaged MBDC to evaluate their products for potential certification, which aims to help companies design and manufacture the highest quality products. Dr. Michael Braungart said, “Cradle to Cradle™ is real, not just a good idea. It supports the triple top line, improving revenues, the environment and equity - and it's fun!”

MBDC's Cradle to Cradle™ certification process examines products at many levels to ensure they meet key standards for ecologically-effective design. Basic certification levels include Biological Nutrient or Technical Nutrient -- both of which are evaluated in terms of human and ecological health, intended for simple products -- and Platinum, Gold or Silver which are evaluated to meet additional standards including energy, water and social criteria. The strict MBDC certification processes provide corporations proof and validation of their products' quality, performance, and ecological intelligence, all of which are designed to enhance a product's market value. MBDC's ecologically intelligent certification process is modeled on the promise of the "next industrial revolution" championed by McDonough and Braungart and articulated in their book, Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. It advocates a paradigm change in corporate thinking and widespread application of the ecologically intelligent design concepts found in nature. In recognizing McDonough as a “Hero for the Planet” in 1999, Time magazine stated “his utopianism is grounded in a unified philosophy that - in demonstrable and practical ways - is changing the design of the world.”

On November 29th Mr. McDonough spoke of our Next Industrial Revolution to Environment and Energy TV. (video 12:59)

“China is the key to solar (zero carbon) energy on a planetary basis”…“We explain these projects in terms of money. And once they (corporate America) see it is a fiduciary responsibility and they can make a lot of money doing it. Then they do it”…“The real value of government and the regulatory framework is to set high benchmarks and then give encouragement to people to meet those high benchmarks [towards clean, circular, solar, regenerative production and architecture]”

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A Strategy of Change: A Strategy of Hope
by SDCC Wednesday, Feb. 08, 2006 at 9:42 PM

These are three online lectures and audios of our Next Industrial Revolution based on Cradle to Cradle Design where our civilization becomes a regenerative force for ecology, culture and economy.

The Principles of Nature are the Tenets of Cradle to Cradle Design
Eliminate the Concept of Waste: Waste Equals Food
Use Current Solar Income
Celebrate Diversity

Harvard Medical School, Human Health and Global Environmental Change, December 6, 2001:

Stanford University, Graduate School of Business, February 11, 2003, 64:57 minutes:

Instituto de Empresa Business School, Centre for Eco-Intelligent Management, February 8, 2005, 33:53 minutes:

Monticello Dialogues with 8 audio samples, 2003:

Our goal is a delightfully diverse, safe, healthy and just world with clean air, clean water, clean soil and clean power, economically, equitably, ecologically and elegantly enjoyed.

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Resources: The Revolution Begins
by SDCC Thursday, Mar. 16, 2006 at 10:46 PM

March 2006 Fast Company Magazine

Businesses large and small are finally seeing the green light. It isn't just conscience--or all those nice young people in Guatemalan sweaters--that's doing the trick. It's the sight of all that money.

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Peak Oil is Imminent
by SDCC Thursday, Mar. 23, 2006 at 2:48 AM

Peak Oil is the great roll over when globally our oil production reaches a plateau and then declines. This is when demand exceeds supply and the 10 cents a cup of gasoline or $65 a barrel of oil will be far gone.

Peak Oil is the motivator for rapid, large scale change and Cradle to Cradle Design is our strategy and roadmap of that change. A global mobilization on the scale of the Second World War is urgently required to build the decentralized, regenerative, solar hydrogen economy.

Schedule Peak Oil deputations with your city halls, buy Cradle to Cradle Certified products, plant victory gardens and orchards with your neighbors and chart your transition to 100% renewable energy for every local economy and business.

Peak Oil Poster:

Peak Oil Summary Video:

Massive and excellent compilation of Peak Oil videos and audios:

Roscoe Bartlett: Republican Congressman of Maryland

Michael Ruppert: Founder of From the Wilderness

James Hamilton: Economist

Kenneth Deffeyes: Princeton Geologist

Richard Heinberg: Professor at New College, California

Lester Brown: President of Earth Policy Institute

Matthew Simmons: Chair of Simmons and Company International

“There is nothing that will make sleep so refreshing other than just knowing you really contributed something that day” Roscoe Bartlett, Maryland US Congressman

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he Critical Importance of Risk Management
by SDCC Sunday, Apr. 30, 2006 at 1:44 AM

Sci-Tech Today
April 26, 2006 10:14AM

While some companies develop sustainability strategies based on ethical motives, most firms do so for business reasons. Sustainability strategies can decrease sustainability risk costs, augment competitive positions, protect reputations and improve bottom lines.

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Design: e2
by SDCC Saturday, May. 06, 2006 at 10:47 PM

Design: e2 is a television series that explores the global economies of being environmentally conscious. Water, energy, food, textiles, transportation, botanicals and health are all designed to optimize equity, ecology and economy.

William McDonough shares his innovative plans to make China an entirely sustainable country and the ways architecture can be both profitable and environmentally intelligent.

Brad Pitt states “By employing the intelligence of natural systems we can create industry, buildings, even regional plans that see nature and commerce not as mutually exclusive but mutually coexisting.”

When commerce is informed with ecological and social intelligence commerce becomes a healing act.

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Global Business Loves the Next Industrial Revolution
by SDCC Saturday, Jul. 22, 2006 at 7:14 PM

William McDonough: Design for Living

June 12, 2006
Voices of Innovation

“The visionary eco-architect and designer wants a renewable world.”
“Cradle to cradle, indeed.”

Living Cradle-to-Cradle

July 13, 2006
News & Features Architectural Record

“Two Virginia architects complete the first house that meets William McDonough’s strict environmental protocol.”
“People will be motivated to reinvest in the community.”

Green Wonders of the World

July 20, 2006
Wonders of the World
By Andrew Blum

“Green building technology has reached a tipping point that makes it more feasible — and elegant — choice for new construction.”
“All this points to the ever increasing momentum of green design.”

Introduction to the Cradle to Cradle Design Framework through the China US Center for Sustainable Development:

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Triple Top Line
by SDCC Friday, Sep. 15, 2006 at 11:06 PM

Design for the Triple Top Line: New Tools for Sustainable Commerce

The triple bottom line has been, and remains, a useful tool for integrating sustainability into the business agenda. Balancing traditional economic goals with social and environmental concerns, it has created a new measure of corporate performance. A business strategy focused solely on the bottom line, however, can obscure opportunities to pursue innovation and create value in the design process. New tools for sustainable design can refocus product development from a process aimed at limiting end of pipe liabilities to one geared to creating safe, quality products from the start.

This new design perspective creates triple top line growth: products that enhance the well being of nature and culture while generating economic value. Design for the triple top line follows the laws of nature to give industry the tools to develop systems that safely generate prosperity. In these new human systems, materials become food for the soil or flow back to industry forever. Value and quality are embodied in products, processes and facilities so ecologically intelligently designed, they leave footprints to delight in rather than lament. When the principles of ecologically intelligent design are widely applied both nature and commerce can thrive and grow.

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how to stop global warming
by James Tuesday, Oct. 17, 2006 at 1:39 PM

we need to stop global warming and get a clean energy sorce that doesnot distroy the ozone.
clean power produced by mother earth, no chemical discharges into the air, or the sea. we can ease up on oil use. every body wins, we need to start using these alternative fuel sources to free our selves from big oil
(I am sure big oil wants to stop any other energy from coming on the market ) this is our chance to make the switch, to a New power source!
we cannot pollute the earth with oil for ever...we have to stop! and this is our chance.We need to go back to pro nuclear power, by far the cleanest of all flues! we can produce more power with less echo-disruption than any other available fuel source known today. it is with in our grasp to change our dependence on big oil.with clean non polluting nuclear power!

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Regenerative Architecture
by SDCC Tuesday, Oct. 31, 2006 at 8:27 AM

The Priest and the Prophet

15 Aug 2006

Imagine a building, enmeshed in the landscape, that harvests the energy of the sun, sequesters carbon and makes oxygen. Imagine on-site wetlands and botanical gardens recovering nutrients from circulating water. Fresh air, flowering plants, and daylight everywhere. Beauty and comfort for every inhabitant. A roof covered in soil and sedum to absorb the falling rain. Birds nesting and feeding in the building's verdant footprint. In short, a life-support system in harmony with energy flows, human souls, and other living things.

McDonough presents at the Bioneers Conference 2000:

Green chimney could save the planet

By David Whitford FSB Magazine
October 20 2006: 9:10 AM

A new power plant chimney that converts greenhouse gases into helpful substances could have a huge impact on global warming.
The story is how a small-town heating and ventilation engineer with no illusions about his customers' true priorities ("What makes me go is, Can I make you money? If I can't, don't hire me") suddenly finds himself on the front lines of the fight to halt global warming.

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Towers of Tomorrow
by SDCC Monday, Nov. 27, 2006 at 12:49 PM

By William McDonough, Fortune
November 9 2006

Buildings give life to the landscape, but they are not normally considered alive. This one is: it breathes, it sleeps, it wakes up in the morning - and it is not impossible.

Waste Equals Food
In nature, nutrients are cycled and recycled endlessly. "Eco-effective design" seeks to mimic those cycles. All products, from building materials to furnishings, are designed to return safely to the earth or to be reused—like office chairs that can be disassembled into components and sent back to the manufacturer to become another product.

The Buildings of Tomorrow
By John Heilemann, Business 2.0 Magazine
November 20 2006

Visionary architect William McDonough is making the boomtown environmentally friendly - from Google's headquarters to China's cities.

Future of Design video

Fortune magazine charged architect William McDonough with designing the building of the future. Here is what drives his artful eye.

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Building Our World of Abundance Together
by SDCC Sunday, Apr. 22, 2007 at 5:05 AM

William McDonough: The Original Green Man
March 27, 2007

William McDonough, FAIA, the dean of green architecture, foresees what he calls “the next industrial revolution,” in which environmentally driven new product design and manufacturing processes would usher in an era of good design and abundance. McDonough argues that reducing the use of natural resources will only slow the rate of pollution and depletion, so what’s needed are new industrial production strategies that eliminate waste altogether, an imitation of nature. He sees a future in which manufacturers, who now equate profitability with disposability and waste, create products that can be repeatedly recycled and upgraded (“upcycled,” he calls it) with each reuse.
Two things we see in China. The Chinese have a long history of relating to the landscape and regard it as perpetual. So when they get the idea that we’re designing for perpetuity, it makes sense to them. The other thing is that the President of China has called on the country to adopt a circular economy, and we’re regarded as part of that.
Cradle-to-cradle is a celebration of a world of abundance not a world of limits. That’s the big message.

The End of Garbage

Can you imagine a world of zero waste? Cities and towns across the world - and a surprising number of companies - have adopted that goal.
By Marc Gunther, Fortune senior writer
March 14 2007: 6:21 AM EDT

Zero waste is just what it sounds like - producing, consuming, and recycling products without throwing anything away. Getting to a wasteless world will require nothing less than a total makeover of the global economy, which thinkers such as entrepreneur Paul Hawken, consultant Amory Lovins, and architect William McDonough have called the Next Industrial Revolution.
They want industry to mimic biology, where one species' excrement is another's food. "We're not talking here about eliminating waste," McDonough explains. "We're talking about eliminating the entire concept of waste."
This utopian vision is a long way off. But the changing economics of waste disposal, technical advances, and grass-roots activism - along with the feverish desire of big companies to appear green - are bringing it closer than you might think.

Matthew Simmons on Peak Oil and Peak Natural Gas
“I see a whole bunch of very large changes coming. And if we do the changes right we’ll get through this fine. If we don’t it could really be a problem”

Vanadium Redux Flow Batteries “Guaranteed”
This large scale energy storage technology guarantees stable and reliable electricity enabling industry to end the intermittency problem of renewable energy. The time required to build a wind farm and the corresponding vanadium batteries for a reliable and clean electricity grid is one year.

A New Green Bauhaus
Michael Braungart
Instead of just making products cost-effective, aesthetically pleasing, and functional, a Triple Top Line approach asks whether a material is ecologically intelligent—does it create ecologic, environmental, and social value? Do we enjoy it? Is it fair to people and society? Unlike the Triple Bottom Line, which tries to minimize social and environmental damage through economic responsibility, the Triple Top Line supports all three from the very beginning of the design process. This results in creative solutions that increase value in all three sectors.

Cradle to Cradle: Innovation for the Next Industrial Revolution (lecture video)

Earth Day Voices
April 16, 2007 10:34 AM
Cradle to Cradle: A Call for a Revolution of Abundance
To move from improvement to revolutionary transformation, we need 5% of the human population committed to cradle to cradle flows—clean healthy materials in closed cycles seen as nutrients, clean energy, clean water, and social fairness. Only the internet has the power to bring this number of people together. When that happens, we will offer future generations our hopeful ambitions: To live in a world where we love all the children of all species for all time. It will be a delightfully diverse, safe, healthy, and just world with clean air, water, soil, and power—economically, equitably, ecologically, and elegantly enjoyed. Join us.

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Calling for Cradle to Cradle
by SDCC Monday, Aug. 20, 2007 at 3:24 PM

We are calling for cradle to cradle certification for all planetary materials and all energy.

The wisdom of designing cradle to cradle (video 20:11 minutes)

Sustainability and the Next Industrial Revolution (audio 24 minutes)

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Cradle to Cradle is Coming
by SDCC Tuesday, Nov. 13, 2007 at 5:25 PM

Social Innovation Conference with William McDonough at Stanford University
Cradle to Cradle Design and Triple Top Line Business (audio 1:06:18 minutes)

VPRO: Tegenlicht
Waste = Food
This is an inspiring documentary on the Cradle to Cradle Design concept of the chemist Michael Braungart and the architect William McDonough. (video 49:24 minutes)

Strategy of Hope (video 4:25 minutes)

A conversation with William McDonough and Charlie Rose (video 22:17 minutes)

The First Eco-Intelligent Management Conference
Instituto de Empressa Business School (video 33:53 minutes)

Sustainable Development Talk at Vanderbilt University (video 84:15 minutes)

New Clout for Cradle to Cradle Design
September 19, 2007
Three leaders in sustainable-design consulting are collaborating to leverage their expertise, stimulate new products, and boost "cradle to cradle" certification

Hyper-green products go 'cradle to cradle'
October 11, 2007
Growing list of products aiming to win new eco-certification
Heroes of the Environment,28804,1663317_1663322_1669931,00.html

‘Cradle to Cradle’ draws Dutch Enthusiasm
November 2, 2007

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Cradle to Cradle is Coming
by SDCC Tuesday, Nov. 13, 2007 at 10:43 PM

Social Innovation Conference with William McDonough at Stanford University
Cradle to Cradle Design and Triple Top Line Business (audio 1:06:18 minutes)

VPRO: Tegenlicht
Waste = Food
This is an inspiring documentary on the Cradle to Cradle Design concept of the chemist Michael Braungart and the architect William McDonough. (video 49:24 minutes)

Strategy of Hope (video 4:25 minutes)

A conversation with William McDonough and Charlie Rose (video 22:17 minutes)

The First Eco-Intelligent Management Conference
Instituto de Empressa Business School (video 33:53 minutes)

Sustainable Development Talk at Vanderbilt University (video 84:15 minutes)

New Clout for Cradle to Cradle Design
September 19, 2007
Three leaders in sustainable-design consulting are collaborating to leverage their expertise, stimulate new products, and boost "cradle to cradle" certification

Hyper-green products go 'cradle to cradle'
October 11, 2007
Growing list of products aiming to win new eco-certification
Heroes of the Environment,28804,1663317_1663322_1669931,00.html

‘Cradle to Cradle’ draws Dutch Enthusiasm
November 2, 2007

Sustaining Development Community Centre

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by evanidale Monday, Jun. 01, 2009 at 12:40 PM

Why being listed in MLS is so important
MLS stands for “Multiple Listing Service”, and is “the real estate market”.
Over 90% of all properties sold in the US are as a result of MLS listing exposure.
Being listed in MLS means all the local Realtors can find your home in their MLS database.
Buyers can find your home on thousands of public MLS websites, where they are most likely to be searching for a home.
MLS listed properties (for sale by owner or not) sell faster and for more money than non-MLS listed “for sale by owner” properties.
Why Fastrealestate is the best choice for Flat Fee MLS Listing services
We are one of the first companies providing this service, so you can have a secure feeling that we won’t disappear during the term of your listing. Since we started in 2000, many others have come and gone (especially the cheap-cheap ones).
We are easy to reach by phone. Most online companies cut costs by avoiding answering the phone, or you can only reach them by email. It can be very frustrating when you have a problem and can’t talk to anyone.
99.9% customer satisfaction rate (100% is impossible because some people are impossible to please).
NO HIDDEN FEES - We let you know what’s included before you sign up so there are no surprises.
Best broker network. Most of our brokers have been handling listings for us for many years, and strive to provide excellent customer service. We guarantee that if you don’t like the broker we assign to your listing, we’ll assign you another one. (It is extremely rare that anyone ever asks us for a different broker.)
You get a FREE webpage hosted on our website to help you promote your listing.

evani dale
<a href="">mls

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Global Warming
by Travis Young Wednesday, Jun. 17, 2009 at 4:55 AM

A Weakening Magnetic Field is the REAL Cause of Global Warming and the REAL threat

There is a now a Giant Breach in the Earth's Magnetic Field
NASA's five THEMIS spacecraft have discovered a breach in Earth's magnetic field ten times larger than anything previously thought to exist. When this happens, solar wind can flow in through the opening to "load up" the magnetosphere for powerful geomagnetic storms. Exploring the mystery is a key goal of the THEMIS mission, launched in February 2007.

The big discovery came on June 3, 2007, when the five probes serendipitously flew through the breach just as it was opening. Onboard sensors recorded a torrent of solar wind particles streaming into the magnetosphere, signaling an event of unexpected size and importance. But the breach itself is not the biggest surprise. Researchers are even more amazed and baffled at the unexpected way it forms, overturning long-held ideas of space physics.
"At first I didn't believe it," says THEMIS project scientist David Sibeck of the Goddard Space Flight Center. "This finding fundamentally alters our understanding of the solar wind-magnetosphere interaction." "The opening was huge—four times wider than Earth itself," says Wenhui Li, a space physicist at the University of New Hampshire who has been analyzing the data. Li's colleague Jimmy Raeder, also of New Hampshire, says "1027 particles per second were flowing into the magnetosphere—that's a 1 followed by 27 zeros. This kind of influx is an order of magnitude greater than what we thought was possible."

Parker's Theory
No one gave a good reason why this "particle radiation" should exist, until Eugene Parker of the University of Chicago in 1958 tried to derive the equilibrium structure of the corona.
The corona, like the Earth's atmosphere, is held down by the Sun's gravity. In any atmosphere, the average velocity of atoms, molecules and ions depends on their temperature. Individual velocities are spread out around this average, and a few particles are always fast enough to "evaporate" and escape the restraining gravity.
Our Moon's gravity is weak, 1/6 of the Earth's at the Moon's surface, and it is believed that if it ever had any atmosphere, it would have evaporated long ago. The stronger gravity of Earth, on the other hand, has managed to hold on to a substantial atmosphere, on which all terrestrial life depends.
The Sun's gravity is much stronger, but a million-degree atmosphere is too much for it. If the Sun's corona behaved like the Earth's atmosphere, it would gradually get cooler with increasing distance, with a cool top in equilibrium with the surrounding space. Parker however found that the conduction of heat interfered with such an equilibrium and instead another solution suggested itself, in which the topmost layers of the corona flowed away from the Sun at a velocity like that of Biermann's "corpuscular radiation." The flow was named "solar wind" and its existence was later confirmed by instruments aboard spacecraft.
The solar wind shapes the Earth's magnetosphere and supplies energy to its many processes. Its density at the Earth's orbit is around 6 ions per cubic centimeter--far, far less than that of the "best vacuum" obtainable in labs on Earth. The distribution of ions in the solar wind generally resembles the distribution of elements on the Sun-- mostly protons, with 5% helium and smaller fractions of oxygen and other elements. (Of course it has electrons too, balancing the positive charge of the ions and keeping the plasma electrically neutral.) All this flows away from the Sun with a mean speed of about 400 km/sec, and as shown by the Voyager 2 space probe, this flow extends past the outermost planets, more than 30 times more distant from the Sun than Earth, and it probably continues much further than that.

The Interplanetsry Magnetic Field
The regions where the solar wind starts are immersed in the Sun's magnetic field (though perhaps in regions where that field is relatively weak). However, plasma outflows from regions of magnetic fields can spread those fields to wherever they arrive. This happens by "field line preservation," a property derived from the equations of an ideal plasma. By those equations, in an ideal plasma ions and electrons which start out sharing the same magnetic field line continue to do so later on, as if the line were a (deformable) wire and the particles beads threaded by it.
If the energy of the magnetic field is dominant, its field lines keep their shapes and particle motion must conform to them; that is what happens in the radiation belts. On the other hand, if the energy of the particles is dominant--that is, if the field is weak and the particles dense--the motion of the particles is only slightly affected, whereas the field lines are bent and dragged to follow that motion. That is the case with the solar wind.
Imagine a field line extending from the bulk of the Sun to the upper corona. The particles at its "roots" stay with the Sun, but those in the high corona flow out with the solar wind, to the Earth's orbit and far beyond. All that time (under ideal conditions--a fair approximation) the same field line continues to link both groups. Thus some solar field lines will extend to the Earth and further out, producing the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). It is the IMF that allows the solar wind to "pick up" the ions in a comet's ion tail, as it also did to an "artificial comet" produced in a 1985 experiment (see positive ions, "clouds of barium ions"). As will be seen, the IMF plays a major role in linking the magnetosphere to the solar wind.

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by manoliu valentin Thursday, Jun. 25, 2009 at 1:10 PM 0745462840 alecu russo nr. 14, bucuresti, romania

I saw GLOBAL DIMMING want to present some solutions to solve this problem.

The nuclear fusion is realized by
photo-electric-magneto-thermal effect.

The electronic cover is being removed by the
“COMPTON” effect and the photons operate directly
over the atomic nucleus.


For the scientists, the Unified Field represents the union of
the weak nuclear force and the powerful nuclear force with the
electromagnetic force and the force of Gravity.

In the Great Union case, there is supposed the possibility of
the union of the weak nuclear force (representing the
electronic cover of the atom) with the powerful nuclear force
(representing the atomic nucleus composed by protons and
neutrons) with the electromagnetic force. The nuclear force
and the electromagnetic force are milions and milions times
biger than the Gravity force, negligible in this case.


The radiant energy produced under the form of light or heat
can be absorbed and transformed into electric current.



A space program is very expansive but 80% of the weight of
the ship is represented by the tanks of fuel. The solution
would to find a system or a mechanism that could allow us to
use the energy from the particles of the environment that we
want to move into then the cost of such a research program
would be really cheaper.

The quantic propulsed ship is composed out of the main part
of the vessel, the auxiliary device and the quantic device of


The Corona Effect represents the emission of the radiations
surrounding the ship. That radiation forms a lighting spectrum
of electromagnetic wave.

According to the Theory of Relativity, the mass of an object
would increase of its speed. At the reach of the light-speed,
the mass of the ship would be infinite. In this case, the mass
of the ship will be constant, being used only the mass of the
radiation that protects the ship of the outside factors; that
would be negative and infinite. Visit to and

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Building Our Circular Economy through Cradle to Cradle Certification
by SDCC Sunday, Sep. 16, 2012 at 1:58 PM

"A new Certification Standards Board has been created by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute
to oversee the ongoing development of the Cradle to Cradle product certification protocol. The board’s responsibility for Cradle to Cradle product certification represents an important step toward transparency for the certification process and independent third-party verification of the protocol, developed over the past 20 years by William McDonough and Dr. Michael Braungart in collaboration with some of the world’s top brands."

"The Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute is a non-profit organization created to bring about a large scale
transformation in the way we make things. Imagine a world clean our air and brake dust feeds our soil… textile and food mills detoxify our rivers… where we celebrate new technology because it empties the landfills and creates safe jobs… each new child is greeted not as a “population problem” who will take our dwindling resources, but as the miracle that they are."

"The circular economy is a generic term for an industrial economy that is, by design or intention,
restorative and in which materials flows are of two types, biological nutrients, designed to reenter
the biosphere safely, and technical nutrients, which are designed to circulate at high quality without
entering the biosphere."

"The Ellen MacArthur Foundation was formed in 2010 to inspire a generation to rethink, redesign and build a positive future. The Foundation believes that the circular economy provides a coherent framework for systems level redesign and as such offers us an opportunity to harness innovation and creativity to enable a positive,
restorative (regenerative) economy."

"An annual net material cost savings opportunity of up
to USD 380 billion in a transition scenario and of up to
USD 630 billion in an advanced scenario, looking only
at a subset of EU manufacturing sectors."

"The concept of circular economy gained prominence recently, thanks to the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and
others that have helped to construct the intellectual and economic arguments in favour of this forward-thinking economic model."

Sustaining Development Community Centre

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